Leroy Anderson (1908-1975)
Tonight's Composers
Program notes: February 21, 2015

Program notes for tonight’s concert are abstracted from the following sources: ;;
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The Glittering Hill (Daniel Bukvich 1954- ): The Glittering Hill was commissioned by Virginia Malloy Johnson, Dianne Kimball Johnson, and James Dorr Johnson for the Butte Symphony Orchestra and was first performed under the baton of James Allen Anderson, on April 27, 2002. The music presents sounds reminiscent of a Butte, Montana, that now exists only in memories of people who lived there between 1890 and 1960 and who have not become “friends of the flat”.

Tonight, the BSA performs six of The Glittering Hill’s twelve movements: No. 1: At Night, From the Mountains, No. 9: The Famous Miners' Band, No. 10: Waltzes from Columbia Garden, No. 7: Dance at the Winter Garden, and No. 3: Underground Warfare.

Composer Daniel Bukvich was born and raised in Butte, Montana. After high school graduation, Bukvich completed his undergraduate studies at Montana State University and then he obtained a Master of Music in Composition degree from the University of Idaho. Since 1978, he has been a professor of percussion and music theory at the Lionel Hampton School of Music. His musical compositions and arrangements are performed by orchestras, choirs, bands, soloists, chamber groups, and jazz groups worldwide.                                
La Buona Figliuola (The Good Daughter) Overture (Niccoló Piccinni 1728-1800): The Good Daughter, an opera based on Samuel Richardson's novel Pamela, was Piccinni's most successful Italian opera. It was first performed at the Teatro delle Dame, in Rome in February 1760. Although Piccinni is not well known by music lovers today, he composed more than 50 operas between 1757 and 1774 and was known throughout Europe during the mid-1770s.

The opera tells the story of the Marquis of Conchiglia who fell in love with his maid, Cecchina. The Marquis’ sister, Lucinda, is also engaged to marry, but her fiancé Armidoro is shocked by the social impropriety of the Marquis’ potential match and refuses her. Distraught, Lucinda begs the Marquis to stop seeing Cecchina who has problems of her own including the infatuation of Mengotto, a poor man who won't leave her alone, and sabotage by Sandrina and Paoluccia two jealous maids. After many plot twists, the opera ends well when a German soldier reveals that Cecchina is the daughter of a German baron. The Marquise is then able to marry her without upsetting the rest of the family.
Little Cabbage [Yaunkai Bao (1944- ); arranged for orchestra by Luis Millan] is a Hebei (a Chinese province near Beijing) folk song. The song is traditionally sung by daughters while visiting their parent’s grave. Yuankai Bao is a Chinese composer and music educator, who graduated from the Central Conservatory of Music in 1967. He has been a professor of the Tianjin Conservatory of Music since 1973.
Suite of Scottish Dances (William Alwyn 1905-1985): No. 1: The Indian Queen, No. 5: Reel - Loch Earn, No. 6: Carleton House, and No. 7: Miss Ann Carnegie’s Hornpipe. Andrew Knowles’ 2008 review of Alwyn’s orchestral music says that Alwyn based the suite on two books of Scottish airs and dances from about 1790. These original publications promoted the dances as, “Favorite new country dances as danced at the Assembly”, and, “Neil Gow’s most fashionable dances as danced at Edinburgh in 1787 and 1788.” The Suite of Scottish Dances premier performance was by the BBC Scottish Orchestra in 1946.

William Alwyn was born in Northampton, England. He became interested in music at a young age, learned to play the piccolo, and became a virtuoso flautist. For a time he performed with the London Symphony Orchestra. Alwyn served as professor of composition at the Royal Academy of Music from 1926 to 1955. He composed some fifty works for orchestra including five symphonies; a sinfonietta; concertos for flute, oboe, violin, piano, and harp; three concerti grossi; and many short descriptive pieces.
Themes from Leroy Anderson’s Irish Suite [Leroy Anderson (1908-1975); adapted by Douglas Wagner].
Leroy Anderson was commissioned by Boston’s Eire Society in 1947 to arrange a selection of Irish folk-tunes. Anderson typically would spend months to years composing and reworking one of his own miniatures, but polished off four movements of what was then called Eire Suite in only twelve days. Two years later Anderson expanded the suite to six movements and changed the title to Irish Suite. The Woodbury Music Company’s Leroy Anderson website describes the six movements as:

The Irish Washerwoman: a double jig, the sprightliest of dances enhanced with a brilliant and infectious orchestral setting.
The Minstrel Boy: a slow march with somber orchestral coloring over a basso ostinato. Distant trumpets and drums punctuate the melody.
The Rakes of Mallow: evokes the carousing and rioting of the young bloods of Mallow.
The Wearing of the Green: a scherzo that alternates between strings, woodwinds and brass.
The Last Rose of Summer: a solo violin carries the melody over a background provided by strings and harp with reinforcement by horns and trombones.
The Girl I Left Behind Me: a haunting song with an ingenious contrapuntal effect near the end.

Leroy Anderson was an American composer of short, light, concert pieces. His music is firmly entrenched in American popular culture and continues to be recorded and performed by symphony orchestras, concert and jazz ensembles, vocalists, and music students of all ages.
Danzón No. 2 (Arturo Márquez 1950- ): Danzón No. 2 is one of the most popular and significant Mexican contemporary classical music compositions currently being performed. Danzón was commissioned by the National Autonomous University of Mexico and premiered in 1994 in Mexico City. Márquez uses the music to present a dance that originated in Cuba, but is an important cultural component in the Mexican state of Veracruz. Danzón focuses on accents rather than varying time signatures causing the listener to perceive tempo variations. Danzón No. 2 was performed by the Simon Bolívar Youth Orchestra during their 2007 tour of Europe and the United States. The performances invoked strong positive public response and established Danzón No. 2 as one of the youth orchestra’s signature pieces. The tour aided discovery of Márquez as an internationally known composer.

Arturo Márquez was born in Mexico and immigrated during late childhood to California. Because his father and grandfather were musicians he became familiar at an early age with differing musical styles, particularly Mexican "salon music". Márquez’s post-secondary education occurred in Mexico, France, and the United States and he ultimately earned a Master of Fine Arts degree from the California Institute of the Arts.

Arturo Márquez (1950-)
William Alwyn (1905-1985)
Niccolo Piccini (1728-1800)
Daniel Bukvich (1954-)
Yaunkai Bao (1944-)
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